Bringing Light to the Darkness of Human Trafficking (Trafficking in Persons)

Human Trafficking Workshop
Download PDF version


Human Trafficking is Trafficking in Persons (TIP)

The Human Trafficking Definition can be divided into 3 ELEMENTS... ACT, MEANS & PURPOSE

1) The ACT of Trafficking

What is done - The actions of a trafficker - A trafficker is the one that commits any of the ACTS

# Delivers

# Recruits

# Transports

# Transfers

# Harbours

# Sells

# Exchanges

# Leases

# Receives

2) The MEANS of Trafficking

How Victims are ensnared / caught / recruited by Traffickers

# Force

# Fraud

# Coercion

# Threats

# Abduction / Kidnapping

# Deception / Trick

# Abuse of Power / Position / Vulnerability

# Giving payments / benefits to a person in control of a victim

3) The PURPOSE of Trafficking

What happens to Victims - How they can be exploited

# Sexual Exploitation

# Forced Labour

# Debt Bondage

# Forced & Child Marriage

# Forced Begging

# Organ Harvesting / Muti

# Forced Illegal Activities

# Armed Combat (Soldiers)

# Baby / Infant Farms

# Rituals

# Trokosi

# Bacha Bazi

# Wahaya

# Any Exploitation...


Trafficking in Persons is the trade in humans


  • Human trafficking can occur within a country or trans-nationally.
  • Human trafficking is a crime against the person because of the violation of the victim's rights of movement.
  • Human trafficking does not necessarily involve the movement of the person from one place to another.
  • Human trafficking differs from people smuggling, which involves a person voluntarily requesting or hiring another individual to covertly transport them across an international border, usually because the smuggled person would be denied entry into a country by legal channels.


According to United Nations, the Definition of Human Trafficking (TIP) is:

“Trafficking in Persons (human trafficking) is defined as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.”

(UN's Trafficking in Persons Protocol)